Every June, Migraine and Headache Awareness Month calls attention to these painful ailments and some ways to treat them.
Migraines are recurring headaches that cause moderate to severe pain or throbbing that is often centralized in one area of the head.
Other symptoms include nausea, weakness or sensitivity to light and sound.
Women are three times more likely to get migraines than men, and a genetic link has been found.
Many factors can trigger a migraine, including stress, hormones, noises, smells, medicine, inadequate sleep, weather, overexertion, alcohol and food.
Migraines are more common in the morning, and some people experience them at predictable times, such as before menstruation or following stressful events.
For migraine relief, the National Institutes of Health provides these tips:
• Rest with your eyes closed in a quiet, dark room.
• Place a cool cloth or ice pack on your forehead.
• Drink fluids.
• Try stress management techniques, such as exercise and relaxation activities.
• Keep a log of what causes your migraines to help prevent further occurrences.
Health care providers diagnose migraines by conducting exams and reviewing medical history. It’s important to rule out other medical conditions that may be causing symptoms.
There is no known cure for migraines, and treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing future attacks.